Forbidden City, Beijing, China 🇨🇳
From the Yuan dynasty through the Ming dynasty to the collapse of the Qing dynasty, Beijing has served as the main capital of the Chinese people with the Forbidden Palace as the royal residence. Since October 1st, 1949 a 1.5 ton portrait of Mao Zedong has hung above the entrance to mark the beginning of the communist dynasty in the long history of the Chinese nation.
Tiananmen Square has hosted some of the most important protests against that dynasty. The most well known of these by Europeans was the student-led '89 Democracy Movement which would see up to a million people occupying the massive square at the movement's height. Fearing this question to its power, and unable to convince the Chinese youth to willingly disperse, the Chinese Communist Party would mobilize some 300,000 Chinese soldiers to the capitol. At 10pm on June 3rd, 1989 the army would begin advancing towards the square cutting through the remaining students and their barricades using tanks, machine guns, and rifle fire. By 6:30 am the next morning the square had been officially cleared and the 1 month, 2 weeks, and 6 days long movement came to an end.
While officially the CCP claims that only 1,022 civilians were killed, recently declassified files from the primary American and British intelligence agencies show that the CCP had internally estimated the casualties at 10,454 civilian deaths and 40,000 injured. To put this in to perspective, these numbers are more than the number of American, British, and German deaths during the D-Day landings in WW2. There has been no major demonstrations since.